Today, the Church celebrates the Feast of St James, Apostle (? – 44).- He was the brother of St John and, like him, a fisherman. He was one of the witnesses of the Transfiguration and one of those who slept through most of the Agony in the Garden. He was the first of the apostles to be martyred. He was buried in Jerusalem, and nothing more is known about him until the ninth century.
At this time we learn of a tradition that the relics of St James were brought to Spain some time after his martyrdom, and his shrine at Compostela in Galicia grew in importance until it became the greatest pilgrimage centre in western Europe. The scallop-shell, the emblem of St James, has become the emblem of pilgrims generally.
(Thank you to Daylesford Abbey)