What is Catholic Social Teaching and Where Does it Come From?

St. Martin as exemplar of Social Justice
He responded to his civic duty to serve in the military
              This exemplifies that he was willing to participate in society
Even-though he was of high stature in society he humbled himself to understand   
    that there are certain unalienable rights that all human beings are to be afforded
    because of the dignity we all share as beings created in the image and likeness of
    our God as is exemplified by the story of him clothing the naked
We can look to the Catechism to help us understand the foundation of Social Justice:
            1928 Society ensures social justice when it provides the conditions that allow associations or             individuals to obtain what is their due, according to their nature and their vocation. Social justice             is linked to the common good and the exercise of authority.
            1929 Social justice can be obtained only in respecting the transcendent dignity of man. The person             represents the ultimate end of society, which is ordered to him:
            What is at stake is the dignity of the human person, whose defense and promotion have             been entrusted to us by the Creator, and to whom the men and women at every moment             of history are strictly and responsibly in debt.35
So basically, social justice is rendering unto the other what is just.  As such there are certain ways we do this as societies.  As participants in the human race we are all called to respect the dignity of others by making sure we try to help ensure the basic needs of all are met.
Where does Catholic Social Teaching come from? 
            – Three modes of revelation in the Church
                          Scripture
                          Tradition
                          Guidance of the Holy Spirit
There are Seven basic principles of Catholic Social Teaching:
Human Dignity
Call to Family, Community, and Participation
Rights & Responsibilities
Preferential Option for the Poor
Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers
Solidarity
Care for God’s Creation
These basic principles are to be afforded to all within the human family no matter what creed, race, or nationality.
1933 This same duty extends to those who think or act differently from us. The teaching of Christ goes so far as to require the forgiveness of offenses. He extends the commandment of love, which is that of the New Law, to all enemies.39 Liberation in the spirit of the Gospel is incompatible with hatred of one’s enemy as a person, but not with hatred of the evil that he does as an enemy.
Early history of CST
              1891 “Rerum Novarum” – Leo XIII
              1931 “Quadraesimo Anno” – Pius XI
              1961  “Mater et Magistra” – John XXIII
              1963  “Pacem in Terris” – John XXIII
              1965  “Gaudium et Spes” – VII
              1967  “Populorum Progressio” – Paul VI
              1971  “Octogesima Adveniens” – Paul VI
           

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